Arbeitsbedingungen in China

Wio europäische Unternehmen offen den Arbeitsschutz bekämpfen können, tun sie das auch.
Die Bundeskanzlerin Angela Merkel ist gerade aus China zurückgekehrt. Ein bisschen soll Sie sich ja auch für Menschenrechte eingesetzt haben. Die europäischen Unternehmen in China bekämpfen jedoch den Arbeitsschutz in China. Westliche Unternehmer mögen die niedrigere Standards der Arbeitnehmerrechte in China ganz gerne. Als die chinesische Regierung im Jahr 2006 versuchte, das Arbeitsrecht arbeitnehmerfreundlicher zu gestalten, protestierten die amerikanische und die europäische Handelskammer.
Dazu meint das China Labour Bulletin im Research Report “Going it Alone – The Workers’ Movement in China (2007-2008)”:

According to Article One [of the Labour Contract Law], the law was:

Enacted and formulated in order to improve the labour contract system, specify the rights and obligations of both parties to the labour contracts, protect the legitimate rights and interests of the workers and construct and develop a harmonious and steady employment relationship.

The law confirms that all individual workers have the right to negotiate their own written employment contract with their employer, specifying terms, conditions and benefits. It enhances specific individual rights by establishing a statutory probationary period for a fixed term contract, improving health and safety regulations, requiring redundancy payments to be made after the termination of a contract, and generally making it more difficult for employers to terminate contracts, especially those of long serving workers.
These latter provisions, in particular, provoked an outcry from domestic and foreign employers’ organizations, who claimed the legislation would drive up costs and make doing business in China more difficult. The American Chamber of Commerce in Shanghai bluntly opined that the law “could have negative impact on the investment environment in China.” The European Union Chamber of Commerce argued in its submission to the NPC that “the rigid provisions of the draft law will restrict employer flexibility, and ultimately will increase costs for Chinese producers.” It warned that: “Any increase in production costs could force foreign companies to review new investments or question whether to continue operations in China.”
Last paragraph based on: Zhang Liwei (张立伟), Chen Huan (陈欢). “外商反弹劳动合同法草案,威胁将撤走在华投资” (In reaction to draft Labour Contract Law, foreign investors threaten to withdraw from China), 二十一世纪经济报道 (21st Century Business Herald) from人民网 (, 11 May 2006

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